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   Estonia Country Guide


Flag of Estonia After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004, formally joined the OECD in late 2010, and adopted the euro as its official currency on 1 January 2011.

Map of Estonia Full Name: Republic of Estonia
Area: 45,226 sq km (water: 2,015 sq km, land: 43,211 sq km) - note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
Population: 1,258,545 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Tallinn


People: Estonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
Language: Estonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Religion: Lutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)

Government Type: Parliamentary republic
Chief of State President Kersti KALJULAID (since 10 October 2016)
Head of Government: Juri RATAS (since 23 November 2016)

GDP: $US 38.7 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 29,500 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.3% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 6.5% (2016 est.))
Industries: Engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes



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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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