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   France Country Guide


Flag of France Although ultimately a victor in World Wars I and II, France suffered extensive losses in its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a presidential democracy resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier parliamentary democracies. In recent years, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999. At present, France is at the forefront of efforts to develop the EU's military capabilities to supplement progress toward an EU foreign policy.

Map of France Full Name: French Republic
Area: 547,030 sq km (land: 545,630 sq km, water: 1,400 sq km) - note: includes only metropolitan France; excludes the overseas administrative divisions
Population: 66,836,154
Capital City: Paris


People: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
Language: French (official) 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
Religion: Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28%

Government Type: Republic
Chief of State President Francois HOLLANDE (since 15 May 2012)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Bernard CAZENEUVE (since 6 December 2016)

GDP: $US 2.737 trillion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 42,400 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.3% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 9.7% (2016 est.)
Industries: Machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes



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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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