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   Portugal Country Guide


Portugal Country Guide Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

Portugal Full Name: Portuguese Republic
Area: 92,391 sq km (land: 91,951 sq km, water: 440 sq km) - note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
Population: 10,833,816 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Lisbon


People: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Language: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Religion: Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
notes: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)

Government Type: Semi-Presidential Republic
Chief of State President Marcelo REBELO DE SOUSA (since 9 March 2016)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Antonio Luis Santos da COSTA (since 24 November 2015)

GDP: $US 297.1 billion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 28,500 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 0.8% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 11.3% (2016 est.)
Industries: Textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Currency: Euro (€ - EUR)

Member of EU: Yes



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Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
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