Search Europe European Search Engine and Directory
Europe Search
       Countries   -    Music   
      

    Home : Country Guide : Turkey

   Turkey Country Guide


Turkey Country Guide Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the Kurdistan People's Congress or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey mainly to northern Iraq. In 2013, KGK and the Turkish Government agreed to a ceasefire that continues despite slow progress in ongoing peace talks. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community. Over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005.

Turkey Full Name: Republic of Turkey
Area: 780,580 sq km (land: 770,760 sq km, water: 9,820 sq km)
Population: 80,274,604 (July 2016 est.)
Capital City: Ankara


People: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Language: Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
note: there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the Europe part of Turkey
Religion: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Chief of State President Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since 10 August 2014)
Head of Government: Prime Minister Binali YILDIRIM (since 22 May 2016); Deputy Prime Ministers Nurettin CANIKLI (since 24 May 2016), Veysi KAYNAK (since 24 May 2016), Mehmet SIMSEK (since 24 November 2015), Tugrul TURKES (since 29 August 2014), Numan KURTULMUS (since 29 August 2014)

GDP: $US 1.67 trillion (2016 est.)
GDP per Capita: $US 21,100 (2016 est.)
Inflation: 8% (2016 est.)
Unemployment: 9.8% (2016 est.)
Industries: Textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Currency: Turkish lira (TRL)

Member of EU: No



Current Weather in Istanbul  - powered by Search Europe weather

Istanbul weatherFair
Temp: 26C
Wind: N 20 MPH
(17 knots)



   Featured Links: What are Featured Links?  

ATTN WEBSITE OWNERS: Learn how your site can be listed here >>





Info provided by the CIA World Factbook
Updated 2/2017
   Pan European Search:
        Weather   -    Directory


Copyright © Search Europe all rights reserved.
Advertising Info